Monday, July 31, 2006
- "You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something, sometime in your life."
- Bessie Braddock: “Sir, you
Churchill: “Madam, you are ugly. In the morning, I shall be sober.”
- "The Americans will always do the right thing... after they've exhausted all the alternatives."
- "Character may be manifested in the great moments, but it is made in the small ones."
- "Men occasionally stumble over the truth, but most of them pick themselves up and hurry off as if nothing has
- "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.” ( Reference to World War II
- "We are a small island but we are not a small people."
- “Never, never, never, never give up.”
- "We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give."
- “Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen.”
Sunday, July 30, 2006
This is a great Firefox extension for bloggers. Makes blogging really easy. You can drag and drop elements from websites onto the blog entry as well. Works with multiple blogging sites (any site that supports the protocol).
Friday, July 28, 2006
Tuesday, July 25, 2006
Doctors' Slang, Medical Slang and Medical Acronyms, Veterinary Slang, Veterinary Acronyms
Monday, July 24, 2006
Ever heard the story of the giant ship engine that failed? The ship's owners tried one expert after another, but none of them could figure but how to fix the engine.Then they brought in an old man who had been fixing ships since he was a youngster.
He carried a large bag of tools with him, and when he arrived, he immediately went to work. He inspected the engine very carefully, top to bottom.
Two of the ship's owners were there, watching this man, hoping he would know what to do.
After looking things over, the old man reached into his bag and pulled out a small hammer. He gently tapped something. Instantly, the engine lurched into life.
He carefully put his hammer away. The engine was fixed!
A week later, the owners received a bill from the old man for ten thousand dollars.
"What?!" the owners exclaimed. "He hardly did anything!"
So they wrote the old man a note saying, "Please send us an itemized bill."
The man sent a bill that read:
Tapping with a hammer .. $ 1.00
Knowing where to tap...... $ 9999.00
Sunday, July 23, 2006
Coffee, grande (16 oz.) Starbucks has 550 mg. WOW !! Might as well take caffeine intravenously :-).
Nutrition Action Healthletter - Caffeine: The Caffeine Corner
Friday, July 21, 2006
Thursday, July 20, 2006
GUID Creation on Windows
Information on how to create GUIDs on Windows, in case the need arises.
1. UuidCreate() -->
MSDN link for UuidCreate()
3. CoCreateGuid() (COM) --> MSDN link for CoCreateGuid()
4. EXE to generate GUIDs : guidgen.exe. Microsoft link for downloading GUIDGen
5. Site that generates GUIDs for you: http://www.guidgen.com/
6. GUID structure explained: http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.guid.aspx
Pressure cookers force heat* into the food, cooking it quicker.
Wrong --> Heating water under pressure raises its boiling point so that the
steam is at a temperature greater than 100C. It is the higher temperature that
causes the food to cook quicker.
Read on ... Science Facts that People Get Wrong
Wednesday, July 19, 2006
Tuesday, July 18, 2006
Integrity Series: Avoid Taking Undeserved Credit · The Retrospector
Note: They are nowhere near having a practical device as of today.
Out of Sight: Science News Online, July 15, 2006
Monday, July 17, 2006
India: Are we still singing for the Empire? by Pradip Kumar Datta
Article reproduced verbatim below:
www.sacw.net | September 8, 2004
[India's National Anthem] Are we still singing for the Empire?by Pradip Kumar Datta *
The jingoism of the anti-Jana Gana Mana campaign is based on an appropriate irony. The charge actually rests on false evidence given by the pro-British press. The song was first sung in a session of the Congress in 1911. This session had decided to felicitate George V since he had announced the abrogation of the partition of Bengal, thereby conceding the success of the Swadeshi agitation, the first modern anti-colonial movement that had started in 1905. The day after the session the nationalist Indian papers normally -- and accurately -- reported that a Tagore composition had been sung. The Bengalee -- along with other Indian newspapers as well as the report of the Indian National Congress - reported that it was a "patriotic song". The following year the song was published as "Bharat -- Vidatha". A contemporary commentator in the vernacular Bharati described the song as one in "Praise of the Dispenser of human Destiny, whoÖappears in every age." He probably came closest to capturing its spirit. This song was to later become known as Jana Gana Mana.
The confusion about the song was stirred up by the ineptness of the pro-British Anglo-Indian
press. Their inefficiency was not surprising (The Sunday Times once ascribed the authorship of Bande Mataram to Tagore and described Jana Gana Mana as a Hindi song!) On this occasion the Anglo-Indian press -- led by The Englishman - almost uniformly reported that a Tagore song had been sung to commemorate George V's visit to India. The reports were based on understandable ignorance since the Anglo-Indian press had neither the linguistic abilities nor the interest to be accurate.
Actually, two songs that had been sung that day. The Jana Gana Mana had been followed by a Hindi song composed specially for George V by Rambhuj Chaudhary. There was no real connection between the composition of the Jana Gana Mana and George V, except that the song was sung -- not written - at an event which also felicitated the king. The Anglo-Indian press [luckily for Hindutva enthusiasts and unfortunately for secularists!] heard Indian songs much in the way they looked at foreign faces: they were all the same!
Undoubtedly helped by these measures which shored up Tagore's nationalist reputation, the song steadily acquired wide acceptability among nationalists in all parts of the country - especially after its translation into English as "The morning song of India" by the poet in Madras. In a survey made just before the poetís death in 1941 at Mumbai, respondents
felt Jana Gana Mana to have the strongest "national characteristics" although Bande Mataram was found superior on some other criteria. The dirt thrown by the pro-British press seemed to have been completely wrung out when Netaji Bose's Indian National Army adopted it as the National Anthem; this was followed by Gandhi's declaration in 1946 that "the song has found a place in our national life": that it was "also like a devotional hymn".
But it was not as if it was all smooth sailing for the story of Jana Gana Mana's popularity. The first round of controversy -- this time by the Indians themselves - had been stoked in 1937. But it became a much more general one from the late 1940's when a debate broke out over what was to be the National Anthem. A section within the Congress wanted the Bande Mataram, a song that was popularly associated with the national movement. But Bande Mataram was controversial since its invocation of the nation as a Goddess went against Islamic theology which forbade the worship of any God other than Allah. Also the Bande Mataram had been successfully converted into a sign of communal antagonism by Hindu communalists (with the enthusiastic participation of their Muslim counterparts who regarded the song as a horrible provocation) and even chanted it as a slogan in riots.
In the 1930's, a Congress sub-committee had short-listed some "national" songs that could be sung together with or instead of Bande Mataram. It was then proposed (on Tagore's initiative) that the first two stanzas of Bande Mataram could be sung. But this catholicity was not felt to be feasible after independence. Occasions involving foreign diplomatic missions or the Defence forces required that a single "National Anthem" be played by a band as a signature of the country. The Constituent Assembly was deputed to select the anthem. It was in the ensuing
lobbying to knock Jana Gana Mana out of reckoning, that outworn and salacious bits of colonial misinformation about the song began to be recirculated.
Jana Gana Mana was chosen as anthem in 1950 over Bande Mataram as well as Iqbal's Sare Jahan Se Accha - although Bande Mataram was given "equal status". An important reason was that Bande Mataram could not be played by bands. Additionally Jana Gana Mana enjoyed an international reputation. It had been greatly appreciated in the United Nations at New York where it was first played as an orchestral arrangement in 1947. Many said that it was superior to most national anthems in the world. Within the country the overwhelming majority of the
provinces supported its nomination.
But there is also an underlying reason that is really responsible for the controversy popping up at regular intervals. The words of Bande Mataram feature India as a homogeneous Hindu nation. Jana Gana Mana evokes the country as composed of a multiplicity of regions and communities united in a prayer to a universal lord. After all, Bande Mataram was composed by a colonial administrator who could only visualize the nation in Hindu terms: religious identity was the only available idiom for conceptualizing the nation then. In contrast, Tagore had seen the riots that broke up the Swadeshi movement and had divined the obvious: religious nationalism easily divided anti-colonial struggles. Jana Gana Mana can be seen as one of the fruits of Tagore's search to find an alternate inclusivist definition for the nation. Incidentally, it was one of the harbingers of a decade that was to see Hindu and Muslim politicians draw together. In short, the two songs embody different ideas, histories and aspirations of the country.
In fairness, the last word on the affair should really be given to the poet himself (incidentally he had composed the music for Bande Mataram). Answering a friend's query about the origins of the Jana Gana Mana in 1937, Tagore said that a loyalist friend had requested him to write a song in praise of the King. He had felt anger at his friends presumption about his loyalism. It was this anger that led him to compose Jana Gana Mana. He had written a song to a superior authority, the "Dispenser of India's destiny". Tagore concluded. "That great Charioteer of man's destiny in age after age could not by any means be George V or George VI or any George. Even my 'loyal' friend realized this; because, however powerful his loyalty to the King, he was not wanting in intelligence." I may add here that we normally sing the first verse alone: the third verse of the song refers explicitly to the eternal lord.
Tagore said that he felt too pained by the unjustness of the charge to come out with a public refutation. Perhaps he was wrong. He could have considered the issue of survival. Not just of his public reputation. But also the survival of self-confidence in some of his future citizens who believe that they venerate their masters fifty years after independence. And that they can sing songs to a King, dead for an even longer period.
(Readers interested in more information may look at P.Sen's India's National Anthem)
* Pradip Kumar Datta teaches at Delhi University.